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How to diagnose dehydration in a dog?

Insufficient water, fever, and too much exercise can lead to dehydration. Mild dehydration does not have a significant effect on the dog, but once the amount of dehydration has reached a certain level, and the owner has not rehydrated the dog in a timely manner, it would do a lot of damage to the dog’s body. The main dog feed often observes the symptoms of dehydration, if the situation should be time for its rehydration.

how-to-diagnose-dehydration-in-a-dog

1. What causes dehydration in dogs?

Dehydration is usually caused by a systemic disease that inhibits the thirst center and results in reduced water intake or restricted water intake. Or it could be a deliberate restriction on food intake or a reduction in intake due to an accident. Excessive urine leading to water loss faster, vomiting, diarrhea, and other digestive tract diseases will also lead to water loss.

2. How do you diagnose dehydration?

(1) Ask about your dog’s medical history and determine how dehydrated it is. The main purpose of feeding dogs is to know their usual food intake, whether they have the appetite, whether they have low thirst, whether they drink more and take in the normal amount of water, etc. . Appetite is also a factor in determining whether a dog is dehydrated. This is because water intake is often a functional response to feeding stimuli. Whether abnormal loss of body fluid, usually have no vomiting, diarrhea, polyuria, excessive salivation, and so on. If some of the problems described above are present over a long period of time, the dog is likely to become dehydrated.

(2) If a dog’s owner sees a significant weight loss, it is most likely due to excessive dehydration. If a dog loses about 450 grams of weight, it loses about 500 ml of water.

how-to-diagnose-dehydration-in-a-dog

(3) Dehydration in dogs can usually be detected by physical examination. When a dog is severely dehydrated, the dog’s eyeballs sink in, the mucous membranes become dry, and the capillary refill lasts longer.

(4) Normal dog skin is elastic because it holds more moisture. The best place to pinch the skin is the trunk, not the flabby skin of the neck. The owner pinches the skin and releases it. If it returns to its original shape immediately, the skin is healthy. But if the skin is loose and takes a long time to heal, that means the dog is somewhat dehydrated.

(5) Blood test: The dog’s blood itself contains a certain amount of water, if the dog dehydration symptoms, then the dog’s blood color will be dark red, and viscosity will be higher.

3. How to prevent dog’s dehydration?

When the dog does not eat, the heart rate increases, if there is no vomiting, appetite, or drinking appetite, the owner can give oral rehydration salts, sodium chloride 3.5 g Sodium bicarbonate 2.5 G, Potassium Chloride 1.5 G Glucose 20 G, plus water 1000 ML, free for dogs to drink or deep enema. The owner can use broad-spectrum antibiotics but do not use them for a long time, in order to prevent normal intestinal flora disorders but to slow down the recovery of intestinal digestion. If the dog has been vomiting frequently, abnormal physical vomiting, the owner must give the dog timely stop vomiting. To prevent the dog from getting dehydrated and developing more serious diseases.