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How To Choose a Dog For Novice Owners?

People who consider buying a dog need to take many aspects into account. For example, do you prefer large dogs or small dogs? Which should be up to according to your feeding space and feeding purpose. To better provide some references for novice owners on dog selection, this article mainly introduces the breed, gender, body type, and hair of dogs, hoping it will be helpful to friends who want to raise a dog.


Choose large dogs or small dogs?

If conditions permit, you can provide a large breeding space and prepare to regard your puppy as a watchdog or working dog, it is a better choice to raise medium and large dogs. If the breeding space is relatively small and can only keep in the room, then it is recommended to raise small dogs. If you don’t consider the actual situation and choose the dog breed only according to your hobbies, it will bring a lot of trouble in the future.

Choose a puppy or an adult dog?

The benefits of raising puppies

On the one hand, puppies can quickly adapt to the new environment and establish a good relationship with the owner. They are easy to train, adjust to, and can develop good living habits according to the owner’s requirements.



On the other hand, puppies have a low living ability and are not easy to raise, so they need owners to spend more time and care.

Advantages of adult dogs

Adult dogs have strong living abilities, which can save the owner a lot of time and energy, specially trained dogs.

Disadvantages of adult dogs

Compared with puppies, it is not easy for adult dogs to establish a good relationship with their owners, and it is not easy for you to gain their trust. Sometimes, because it missed its previous owner, it would sneak back to its original place. More importantly, the old habits that it has formed are difficult to change.

Long-haired dog or short-haired dog?

Long-haired dogs are elegant, beautiful, and lovable, but you have to spend more time bathing them. Otherwise, their coats will be entangled and make them uncomfortable. If you are busy and seldom have free time, you’d better not raise a long-haired dog. Although the short-haired dog is not so beautiful, the most important thing is that it does not take a long time to take care of the coat of your dog. For novice owners, it may be a better choice to raise a short-haired dog.


Choose a male dog or a female dog?

As far as feelings for people are concerned, both male and female dogs are the same. But in terms of character, the male dog has a strong personality, strong fighting ability, lively and active, not docile without the female dog, and they are hard to train. Although female dogs are docile and easy to accept training, two estruses a year will increase the trouble of pregnancy and childbirth. From an economic point of view, female dogs are more cost-effective than male dogs. Besides, if you do not want to give birth to your dog, sterilization (which must be performed by a professional) can reduce a lot of trouble. Therefore, whether to raise a male dog or a female dog should be decided according to the owner’s purpose.

Should I choose a purebred or a mixed breed dog?

Under normal circumstances, it is best for novice owners to choose a purebred dog, because the dog breeds are unpredictable in their personality and temperament, and the value of a crossbreeding dog is not high. Besides, crossbreeding dogs cannot participate in the dog show. But the crossbreeding dog also has its advantages. It is cheap and easy to raise. Purebred dogs are well-proportioned and beautiful in the coat. The owner can predict their character and temperament, and the economic value of breeding offspring is high. The only thing the owner needs to pay attention to is that purebred dogs are expensive and need to have a financial ability to raise them.

Can choose suitable dog breeds

Friendly dog

Dog breeds: Samoyed, Alaskan Malamute, Husky, Scottish Shepherd, Labrador, Golden Retriever, English Bulldog, Boxer Dog, Bernese Mountain Dog, Weimaraner, Ancient English Sheepdog, St. Bernard Dogs, and so on.

The advantage is that they like to be close to others, will not bark at home, will be mature and stable when they are adults, and be able to live at home.

The disadvantage is that although they are larger, they are not suitable for visiting home.

A reliable dog at home

Dog breeds: Maltese, Cavalier King Charles Spaniel, Poodle (below mini), Bichon Frise, Welsh Corgi, Shetland Sheepdog, Mini Schnauzer, Yorkshire Terrier, Pomeranian, Chihuahua, Pekingese, Pug, Lhasa, etc.

The advantage is that these dogs are often small in size, beautiful and cute, easy to get close to people, well-behaved, obedient, and suitable for keeping indoors.

The disadvantage is that most dogs of this type are long-haired dogs, and they need to be taken care of and groomed. They have a certain degree of dependence, and their vitality is not as tenacious as large dogs.


Strong guard dog

Dog breeds: Doberman, German Shepherd, Green Wolf (Kunming), Chow Chow, Bull Terrier, Mastiff, Lowville, Caucasian, Akita, Silver Fox, etc.

Advantages: Bichon is very loyal to his owner and has a good physique. It has a strong ability to guard its territory, and strangers cannot approach it.

Disadvantages: This type of dog has an average degree of closeness to family members, and the owner must use stricter methods to discipline (train) the dog during the puppy period. Otherwise, it will be more difficult to control after adulthood.

Independent and confident dog

Dog breeds: Husky, Alaskan, Shiba Inu, Yorkshire Terrier, Schnauzer, Migruhound, Afghan Dog, French Bulldog, Wire-haired Fox Terrier, Lakeside Terrier, West Highland Terrier, etc.

Advantages: This type of dog is bold, independent, and independent. At the same time, they do not need special care from the owner.

Disadvantages: their personality is stubborn and willful, and those who know the characteristics of dogs well can get better control of this type of dog.


Easy to train the dog

Dog breeds: Border Collie, German Shepherd, Green Wolf (Kunming) Dog, Labrador, Golden Retriever, Doberman, Poodle, etc.

Advantages: strong learning ability and quick action. Easy to adapt to the environment, after training, it will be a perfect watchdog or companion dog.

Disadvantages: This kind of dog has a relatively high demand for exercise. If some dogs do not exercise enough, they will appear a little nervous, and they will easily cause barking.


On the whole, considering the breed, gender, body type, and hair, you can gradually narrow the scope to choose the dog that suits you. After you own your favorite dog, you ought to be responsible for its life and become the owner to accompany it!