An ear infection is one of the most common medical problems in German shepherd dogs, which can show related symptoms. Fortunately, most dog ear infections are easily eliminated by treatment. There are two different types of ear infections commonly seen in German shepherd dogs. The first is otitis media, which affects the middle ear, and the second is external auditory canal infection. Your veterinarian can successfully treat these ear infections. When the dog is infected, it can cause serious problems quickly. If you find a problem with your dog’s ear, you must go to your veterinarian for treatment. Here are the symptoms, causes, and treatments you should know about ear infections in dogs:
Symptoms of ear infections in German shepherd dogs range from mild to complex, especially if not treated immediately. Since ear infections are often uncomfortable and even painful, you may see the behavior of your dog including:
(1) Scratch your ears
(1) Wipe your ears on the floor or furniture
(1) Shake your head
(1) Always turn your head to one side
If you look at the ears of German shepherd dogs, you may find: redness; inflammation; crusting; depilation; bad smell; black or yellow secretions. As the condition worsens, you may notice signs of loss of balance, walking in circles, and hearing loss. If you see these signs in your German shepherd, it’s time to call your veterinarian for an examination and possible treatment plan.
Different types of German shepherd dogs have different causes of ear infection.
The most common cause of the bacteria in the area is otitis externa. Other possible culprits are hair buildup, wax build-up, foreign bodies or debris in the ear canal. Ear infections can also occur if your German shepherd dog has a tumor or ear mite infection. In addition, otitis externa can begin as a problem in another part of the body and can spread to the ear as a second infection. Middle ear infection, known as otitis media, usually occurs when the external ear infection spreads inward. If the tympanic membrane breaks for any reason, such as improper cleaning, foreign bodies, or ulcers, this type of infection can also spread to the middle ear region. Ear infections are more common in German shepherd dogs with certain types of ears.
The treatment of canine ear infection depends on the source of infection. Your veterinarian will first diagnose the type of infection, whether there is a foreign body, and whether the eardrum is ruptured. This will affect the choice they may prescribe to your dog. Your veterinarian will most likely examine the ear canal with an otoscope, just as doctors do for children with suspected ear infections. If the infection is particularly painful and your German Shepherd does not want to check its ears, your veterinarian may use sedatives or anesthesia to make the examination more comfortable for your pet. The next step may be cytology, in which a veterinarian takes a sample from the ear canal and examines it under a microscope. This will allow him to identify the type of organism causing the infection and prescribe the most effective medication for your German shepherd dog.
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