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Common types of dog diseases and prevention methods

Dogs have gradually been accepted by more people as companion pets. At the same time, they have become good partners for people. Whether it is a lively soft puppy or a naughty large dog, it is the owner’s pet. Dogs bring infinite happiness to a peaceful life, but occasionally they are accompanied by some troubles, such as illness. In order to better understand the dog’s disease, this article mainly introduces the dog’s disease and some precautions, hoping the owners will pay more attention.


Due to various reasons such as living environment, food type, exercise rest, breed age, etc., dogs will have some diseases at different growth stages. At this time, they need the careful attention of the owners, so that they can recover faster. When a dog is sick, it must be treated actively.

Three major infectious diseases, rabies, small, canine plague

These three infectious diseases are more harmful and also cause higher mortality in dogs. It is highly contagious, especially rabies, which can be transmitted among humans, dogs, cats, and wolves, which is very dangerous.


Rabies symptoms: The dog will become sensitive and frantic, running around. Dogs with rabies are more likely to bite people, which will eventually cause the dog’s muscles to be affected and unable to move.

Canine plague, minor symptoms: fever, diarrhea, vomiting, blood in the stool, dehydration.

Therefore, after raising a dog, it’s a good choice to vaccinate as soon as possible as prescribed by your doctor for prevention. And you’d better pay attention to the dog’s physical condition at any time. When the vaccine is not finished, you should try not to contact other dogs.


In addition, dogs that are bought in less formal kennels are particularly susceptible to canine plague and small dogs because of poor sanitary conditions in the breeding sites of dog dealers. Therefore, when the owner chooses a puppy, it’s a good choice to try to choose a formal kennel and a certified dog. If the owner is adopting a stray dog, you’d better go to the veterinary hospital for physical examination and get vaccinated early.

Heartworm disease

Symptoms: Coughing, decreased mobility.

Heartworms usually live in the heart of dogs and are infected by mosquito bites. The older dogs are more likely to be infected such a disease.

Preventive treatment: The owner can take deworming drugs regularly as directed by the doctor, and do blood tests for the dog every six months.

Heart disease

Symptoms: Faster panting and tiredness easily.

Heartworm was once the main cause of heart disease in dogs, and the current large-scale application of anthelmintics has greatly reduced this type of heart disease.

At present, many dogs with heart disease are mainly caused by obesity and lack of exercise. In addition, the owner likes to feed high-cholesterol and high-calorie foods such as internal organs and desserts. The risk of cardiovascular disease in dogs naturally increases. Especially when someone mistakenly feeds chocolate to dogs, the caffeine contained in it will reduce the blood flow to the brain, causing heart disease and other fatal diseases.

As the dog gets older, dogs will become lazy, greatly increasing the incidence. The owner needs to urge the dog to exercise. And also do regular health checks for dogs.

Preventive treatment: The owner should balance the nutrition of the dog food, it’s necessary to let the dog do proper exercise, control the food intake, and avoid obesity.


Kidney disease

Symptoms: The color of the dog’s urine changes or even blood in the urine.

Kidney disease in dogs is mainly caused by insufficient water intake and high salt content in food. Dogs often hold back their urine, causing kidney problems.

Prevention and treatment: It is the key to ensure that the dog’s food is talked about. The owner should add water in time, walk the dog outdoors as often as possible, and you’d better not let the dog hold back urine for too long. For dogs that have developed kidney disease, the owner must take your dog to see a doctor in time.

Gastrointestinal disease

Gastrointestinal discomfort in dogs may be caused by natural gastrointestinal fragility, coronavirus infection and Giardia.

Dog breeds with fragile stomachs: Fawn, Teddy, Chihuahua, Starling, etc., as well as Husky.

Coronavirus infection is also a common disease, more common in puppies. It is manifested as frequent vomiting, diarrhea, depression, anorexia, easy to relapse, and it is a major infectious disease that harms the dog industry.

Giardia infection has a high prevalence rate in dogs. If a dog comes into contact with the feces of a patient or dog, it may be infected. This will affect the growth and development of puppies, leading to severe diarrhea or blood in the stool, and even secondary canine distemper, parvovirus and other malignant infectious diseases, which threaten the life of the dog.


Prevention and treatment methods: The owner should promptly deworm, balance nutrition, feed regular brand fresh food or homemade dog food to care for his stomach. It’s necessary to observe the dog’s eating and defecation conditions and get regular physical examinations.


Symptoms: skin redness, itching, scaling, round rash.

Cause: Fungal infection caused by infection or poor sanitary conditions

If the dog has tinea, the owner must take the dog to see a doctor in time so as to kill the fungus through oral medication or smear, and give the dog a medicated bath to prevent further spread of fungal spores. In daily life, the dog’s living environment should be cleaned in a timely manner, and the dog should be bathed for 1-2 weeks. The dog’s special shower gel should be used to protect the skin. Supplement vitamin A, B, C, E in food is necessary for your dogs in time.


Symptoms: cough, nasal pus.

Dog pneumonia usually has the following causes

Foreign body pneumonia: short-necked and short-nose varieties are more common, and the upper digestive tract system is abnormal in morphology, and the feeding method is easy to occur.

Bacteria and fungal pneumonia: Different molds are also specific to different breeds, and the incidence of large dogs is higher.

Lung function damage: It’s the damage to the tissue between the alveoli, such as canine distemper and its complications.

Immune pneumonia: Congenital immunodeficiency causes lung infection, heartworm infection is also a common cause.


Symptoms: more urine and weight loss

Diabetes is an endocrine disease, and its clinical symptoms are the same as humans. The main cause is that the diet is too rich and the amount of exercise is low.

Prevention and treatment methods: The owner should give the dog low-sugar, low-fat healthy food, take medication as directed by the doctor, and inject insulin every day if necessary.



Symptoms: The bitch discharges yellow thick juice or the abdomen becomes larger.

For many female dogs, the threat of Pyometra is very serious. The female dogs who have not been sterilized are prone to Pyometra due to bacterial infection and abnormal endocrine, causing life-threatening.

Preventive treatment: sterilization in time.

Prevention methods for dog owners

  1. Complete the basic vaccine injection.
  2. Maintain good hygiene.
  3. Avoid contact with feces and/or disease sources.
  4. Balanced nutrition and scientific feeding should be foxed on.
  5. Exercise moderately and have a healthy schedule.
  6. Deworming on time and regular physical examination.
  7. Pay attention to the dog’s mental state and physical condition at any time, and seek medical treatment promptly if abnormalities occur, and actively treat them.


About the author:

Lisa Smith created doghabitat.org because of her interest in all the different breeds, and her desire to learn more. Her inspiration comes from the many dogs she has owned throughout her life