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Common Saint Bernard health problems

What are the health problems of Saint Bernard? Saint Bernard is generally healthy, but like all varieties, Saint Bernard is prone to some health problems. Not all saints suffer from these diseases, but it’s important to be aware of them if you think about this breed. If you want to buy a Saint Bernard puppy, you should pay attention to the health of Saint Bernard.


Possible inherited health problems of Saint Bernard

All Saint Bernards are likely to have genetic health problems, just as all people are likely to have certain health problems. Run, don’t walk, from any breeder who doesn’t provide health assurance for the puppy, who tells you that the breed is 100% healthy and has no known problems, or who tells you that her puppy is isolated as the main part of the family for health reasons. A reputable breeder will be honest and open to the health problems of Saint Bernard, in the variety and incidence rate, and they happen on her line. St. Bernard dogs may have certain health problems, including hip and elbow dysplasia, cardiomyopathy, cancer such as osteosarcoma (bone cancer), eye problems such as entropion and valgus, osteochondrosis (orthopedic problems), hypothyroidism and gastric volvulus (swelling). Here’s a brief description of some of the questions you should know. As you might have guessed, given the size of St. Bernard, they may suffer from joint and structural problems. It’s important for young, growing Saint Bernard to stay slim and not to exercise too hard or eat too much. Both situations can lead to injuries and problems, and can lead to road paralysis. In fact, all Saint Bernards need to be slim, because obesity increases their chances of structural problems and makes them more painful when they happen.

Saint Bernard may have orthopedic health problems

Hip dysplasia is a kind of hereditary deformity of Saint Bernard, in which the head of the leg bone is not suitable for the hip fossa. Over time, joint and bone damage can occur, leading to arthritis and other complications. Severe cases usually require surgery. If not treated, the dog will feel pain and lameness. The health problem of Saint Bernard elbow dysplasia is a similar condition affecting the elbow. It’s impossible to know if a dog has hip or elbow dysplasia just by examining or observing its movements. Hip and elbow dysplasia cannot be completely ruled out because parents do not have it, although it reduces the risk. Osteochondrosis is another inherited orthopedic health problem that can affect saints and many other breeds. It’s a defect in the formation of growing cartilage that causes it to break. It usually occurs in dogs under 1 year old. Not all of these problems can be detected in a growing puppy, and it’s hard to predict whether an animal will get rid of these diseases, which is why you have to find a reputable keeper who is committed to breeding the healthiest animals. They should be able to produce an independent certificate that the dog’s parents (and grandparents, etc.) have screened for these defects and are considered healthy. That’s where Saint Bernard’s health problem register comes in.

Other health problems of Saint Bernard

  • Saint Bernard may have heart health problems. Heart disease (especially cardiomyopathy, but also subaortic stenosis and tricuspid valve disease) is a major problem in St. Bernard.
  • Saint Bernard may also have health problems with epilepsy. Epilepsy is what Saint Bernard really cares about.
  • Saint Bernard may have eye health problems. The most common eye diseases in St. Bernard are abnormal eyelids (entropion and eversion), cherry eyes, cataracts (often leading to blindness) and abnormal eyelashes.
  • Saint Bernard may have health problems with cancer. Cancer (especially osteosarcoma and lymphosarcoma) has taken a lot of Saint Bernard’s life. As with all breeds with deep chests, St. Bernard dogs suffering from emergency Saint Bernard may have a health problem of abdominal distension. The risk of gastrointestinal syndrome (i.e., bloating) is higher than normal – in fact, they are the 10th of all breeds most likely to have bloating. A neurological disease called degenerative myelopathy gradually paralyzes St. Bernard. Distensible torsion of the stomach is a life-threatening disease that can affect deep breasted dogs like St. Bernard, especially if they eat a big meal every day, eat fast, drink a lot of water after meals, and exercise vigorously after meals. Some people think that improving the type of dishes and foods you feed may also be a factor in inflation. It is more common in older dogs, but can occur at any age. GDV occurs when the stomach is inflated by gas or air and then twisted (twisted). Dogs can’t burp or vomit to get rid of excess air in the stomach, and the normal return of blood to the heart is blocked. The blood pressure dropped and the dog went into shock. If you don’t see a doctor immediately, the dog may die. If your dog has an inflated abdomen, it is suspected of having excessive saliva and retching without vomiting. He may also be restless, depressed, drowsy, weak, and have a high heart rate. It’s important to get your dog to the vet as soon as possible. There are some indications that the tendency to GDV is genetic, so it is suggested that dogs with this tendency should be castrated or neutered.
  • Saint Bernard may have allergic health problems. Skin problems include allergies (which cause itching and often pyoderma) and wet tumors of the elbow.
  • Hypothyroidism in Saint Bernard is quite common. According to the Michigan State University thyroid database, up to 14% of St. Bernard dogs have low thyroid levels.
  • Saint Bernard’s coagulation health problems include hemophilia A, hemophilia B and factor I deficiency.

Ask Saint Bernard’s breeder about the results of the health problem test


Let the breeder show you the results of the genetic health test. All breeders should be able to produce written documents from the animal orthopedics Foundation (OFA) and the dog eye registration Foundation (CERF) to remove hip and elbow dysplasia, heart health problems, and eye health problems for your dog’s parents. Also accept the ship certification of hips. Ideally, they will also have a thyroid health problems certification.
If the breeder tells you that she doesn’t need to do these tests because she’s never had a problem with her line, her dog has been vetted, or any other excuse for bad breeders to have stingy genetic tests on their dog, go away immediately.
Careful breeders will screen their Saint Bernard for genetic health problems, and only breed the healthiest and most beautiful specimens. But sometimes mother nature will have other ideas. Despite good breeding habits, puppies will still suffer from these diseases. Advances in veterinary medicine mean that dogs can still live a good life in most cases. If you’re raising a puppy, ask the breeder about the age of her dogs and the cause of their death. Not every time St. Bernard goes to the vet, it’s because of a genetic health problem. Saint Bernard is more prone to flatulence than many varieties. In this case, the stomach will expand due to the expansion of gas, and will twist itself (called gastric volvulus), cutting off the blood flow. The swelling and sprains are so sudden that a dog that was cured a minute ago may die in a few hours. Pay attention to restlessness and pacing, drooling, pale gums, lip licking, failed attempts to vomit, and signs of pain. Swelling requires immediate veterinary intervention and surgery is necessary in many cases. Unfortunately, swollen dogs swell again, so most veterinarians offer a method called Gastropexy, or “gastric stapling,” that holds the stomach to the body wall to prevent future stomach distortion. This procedure can also be used as a preventive measure. Buy a Saint Bernard.

How to reduce Saint Bernard’s health problems?

Saint Bernard’s health problems may also be acquired, which requires the attention of the host. Saint Bernard is also prone to heatstroke. Don’t leave it outdoors for a long time in hot weather. Remember, when you bring a new puppy home, you have the ability to protect it from a more common health problem: obesity. Keeping fit is one of the easiest ways to reduce Saint Bernard’s health problems. Make full use of diet and exercise to ensure the dog’s health. St. bernardians only need moderate exercise, but it’s important that they get it to prevent obesity. Too much weight is hard on their joints and can lead to arthritis or orthopedic problems. Limit the amount of exercise you give your St. Bernard puppy until he reaches mature size. Saint Bernard’s weight is closely related to his health. You don’t want him to gain weight too fast, and don’t run or jump on the smooth floor. It’s just a hip question. St. Bernard is prone to heatstroke and heat stroke. Avoid exercising on a hot day and make sure they always have shade and fresh water. Pay attention to signs of fatigue and heat stroke, including severe wheezing, crimson gums, and weakness or collapse. You need to train Saint Bernard to reduce his health problems. An untrained Saint Bernard can cause serious damage in your home, drag you to the sidewalk and greet people eagerly, so early training is essential. Train your St. Bernard to use a pleasant and relaxing approach. Set the ground rules and consistently ask him to follow them.
St. Bernard is naturally friendly, but all puppies benefit from pup socialization classes that help them learn how to react correctly to other dogs and strangers. Social training can reduce Saint Bernard’s health problems. Investing in puppy kindergartens and obedient classes, and spending 10 to 15 minutes a day practicing at home, will be well worth your time, effort and money. Cage training is an important tool recommended by breeders. It helps with family training, protects your dog or puppy and your property, and is a safe haven where your St. Bernard can retreat when he feels overwhelmed or tired. A crate should not be used as punishment, but as a comfortable refuge for your dog. Trained St. Bernard is a good family partner and can continue to do many interesting activities, including form display (dog display), obedience test, and pulling a car.