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Saint Bernard:Dog Breed Profile

Saint Bernard is the most historical dog breed in the world. People love their massive body type and their friendliness. Saint Bernard took their name after the famous temple of Saint Bernard monks in Italy. These dogs have long fur that helped them anticipate the Alpic weather. Harsh winters with snow and winds, temperatures below zero Celcius made these dogs resist the external conditions and save the mountain climbers and travelers in such an unusual part of the world.

These dogs became famous for their little cans hung on their necks. They contained some brandy to warm up the people who were in extreme danger of freezing. Later on, the same Saint Bernard dogs had the ability to warn the research and rescue teams to find people blocked from snow and avalanches on the Alps.

Let's now check the major features of Saint Bernard dogs and point out the most impressive characteristics that make them different from others.

Saint Bernard Breed Picture & Video

Saint Bernard Breed Characteristics

  • About Saint Bernard Breed

    Saint Bernard dogs are a historical breed. They seem to know what you need to rescue people in the mountains. That has been their initial service to humans. However, many people have these dogs at larger farms to help them with cattle or other chores. These dogs are resistant to harsh winters and can become more confident when other dogs are around.

Saint Bernard Breed Daily Care

First of all, you need to brush the Saint Bernard dog fur thoroughly. You can use a bristle with sharp spikes to remove any objects that may interfere with hair and create a bad health condition for your dog. A piece of important advice to follow is always to trim the lower part of the feet’ fur and nails as these dogs require a good grip to the ground to support their extra weight.

The grooming should also include an inspection to the Saint Bernard ears as this could be the area where dirt and other debris can get accumulated. You don't have to give your Saint Bernard dog an annual haircut unless you are told so by your vet.

Grooming is important to remove dust and bacteria from its fur and make sure it can live with you at the same place without the fear of contaminating the rest of the family and especially your kids.

You must give your Saint Bernard quality food ever since it is a puppy. After the initial weeks where only milk is the right type of food, you can provide solid meals. The massive body type of these dogs requires more food than you have ever imagined. Modern veterinary medicine requires you to give food that is rich in proteins and saturated fats. For that reason, a happy and satisfied Saint Bernard dog usually has a part of its daily nourishment in crockets (to use its teeth and improve the health of its gums) and another part in regular solid food prepared directly for the dog.

It would be wise to avoid giving it sugar as it can elevate the blood sugar levels quickly and lead to dangerous diabetic conditions. It is not to mention that Saint Bernard dogs require more cereals and vegetables than any other species, as they have extreme water needs.

Finally, the water supply for these dogs should be unstopped during the summer season. These dogs can easily reach the dehydration level quicker than any other dog you have met. Their constant need for water and wet food is essential to help them keep their temperature at normal levels.

The vast body type of Saint Bernard dogs exposes them to the dangers of fractures if they don't train regularly and follow a sitting type of life. Hip and elbow dysplasia are the most common health issues they deal with. These conditions may require surgery and make them vulnerable to other illnesses and infections.

Not to mention that hip dysplasia can severely impact a Saint Bernard dog's ability to move and jump. That is why these dogs are not the best to live in apartments. Many dogs of this breed also suffer from a genetically induced type of bone cancer. That type of aggressive cancer can destroy the majority of bones in less than two years and lead the Saint Bernard dogs to death.

That particular bread is exposed to dermatological issues and eczema that may appear suddenly and make them itchy all the time. Epilepsy and cardiomyopathy are the most common disorders that can appear to the adult life of a Saint Bernard dog. They can all get anticipated with a healthy diet and more elegant food combined with daily training and exercise.

The Saint Bernard dogs are not that easy to train. They are bigger than normal ones and sometimes they don’t have the physical strength to withstand excessive exercise. For that reason, it would be wise to give them only the portion of training they can handle each time.

These dogs do need more care than smaller ones. With Saint Bernard, you have to be to the Vet’s office at least twice a year and make sure they don’t suffer from contagious disease. You also need to cut their nails and wipe out their nose each time you feel it to be itchy.

Saint Bernard Breed History

Saint Bernard dogs were bred by the monks in the Alpes to help them rescue the travelers in Saint Bernard pass through the mountains. After the 18th century, they migrated to North America, where they were the first expeditors of NewFoundland.

The expeditions were done with dozens of Saint Bernard dogs moving the carriage around the icy roads of the wilderness. Later on, in the same century, the first families in Canada and the United States started adopting Saint Bernard dogs to live in big farms in the countryside.

It is notable to say that Saint Bernard dogs never had excessive training for the monks to perform research and rescue. They just used their inherent ability to smell and find other persons and living objects that they remained indispensable for this kind of action.

Saint Bernard dogs belong to the elite of dogs, being one of the most significant pets a man can have to his premises. They have a history of friendliness to other people, and they never attack pets that are in their way.

Today you can find their race to be clean from any kind of cross-breeding attempt. For that reason, the Saint Bernard dog race is among the most expensive to have. Their high adoption costs reflect their scarcity and the extreme coziness of their behavior towards their masters.

Historically, people who bred Saint Bernard dogs say that they are lovable and loyal until the last day of their life. Saint Bernard dogs have entered the palmar of dogs that can rescue a person in harsh weather conditions.

These forceful dogs deserve our care and friendship. After all, they are the best friends of a man offering eternal love and devotion without expecting anything in return.