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Saint Bernard:Dog Breed Profile

The Saint Bernard dog has a long history in Switzerland, but by the middle of the 19th century, its population had collapsed to the point of extinction.
The dog can weigh up to 100 kg and can reach a height of nearly 90CM. Personality is very docile, Saint Bernard is easy to get close to. Saint Bernard is very tolerant of children. It is loyal to your master and easy to train. If you give it enough space, food, and exercise, it can make a great family dog.

It is very docile, easy to get along with, friendly, and kind by nature. Quiet and lively; Be alert. He likes to stay with children and is very tolerant of children. Good at life-saving and adaptable to cold climates. In Denmark, whenever there is a snowstorm, they show their strength and rescue countless people in danger in the vast snowfields.

Saint Bernard Breed Picture & Video

  • About Saint Bernard Breed

    Saint Bernard dog originally from Switzerland. Originally created as a cross between a mastiff and a monk from a monastery in the Swiss Alps in Saint-bernard, St. Bernard is known as a mountain rescue dog. Saint-Bernard is a loving dog with a stable personality and a slow pace of life. Because of its large size, the dog needs as much living space as possible, less as a domestic dog, food costs a lot. Weighing up to 100kg and standing up to 1m tall, Saint-Bernard is one of the largest dog breeds in existence. Once a famous breed of a rescue dog, St. Bernard has developed into a domestic companion dog, a large dog with a very gentle personality.


Saint Bernard Breed Daily Care

In the process of grooming Saint-Bernard, we should not brush too heavily, should be in the direction of hair growth, so that it is easier to comb. We must not brush against the grain, this can reduce some of the dog’s pain so that the dog does not reject the brush. In the grooming, we should also carefully check the dog’s Fur, if there are parasites, skin redness, and abscess spots of the situation must be the first time to take the dog to the hospital for testing, and then medical treatment. We need to make sure St. Bernard Furs are healthy and beautiful forever.


A Saint Bernard puppy, usually one and a half to three months old. In this stage, puppies because of weaning, life, the environment, etc. have a sudden change, often easy to cause mental and action on the restlessness, thus inappetence; And the mother source antibody inside the body is decreasing ceaselessly, immune function development is not sound also, come on very easily. However, during this period, it is important for puppies to increase trunk size and gain weight, so special attention should be paid to breeding and management. Puppies need to be made to drink before they are fed. A few days ago, generally, let the dog eat 7-80 percent full. The best food to feed is puppy food sold in the market. This kind of food is rich in nutrition, and the proportion is suitable, is advantageous to the puppy's digestion and absorption. In addition, it is best to consult with an experienced person or animal doctor and take them to an animal hospital for a health checkup and vaccination and deworming plan in the early stages of getting a puppy.

Saint Bernard's halitosis is closely related to the health of teeth. If there is a large amount of dirt or dental stones on the surface of the teeth, due to the effect of oral bacteria, it will surely give off a bad smell. Not only is the smell bad, but pet dogs with chronic halitosis are generally prone to periodontal disease. In addition, if there are food residues between the teeth, it will also lead to a very heavy taste, not only the dog feel uncomfortable, but also very affect the appetite, will lead to a significant reduction in appetite, and even cause indigestion or stomach ulcers. Halitosis is just one symptom of other diseases, most commonly caries, periodontitis, and gingivitis, where bacteria break down food waste to produce acids and hydrogen sulfide, which can cause bad smells. In addition, the main cause of bad breath may also be stomach fever, chronic constipation, indigestion, dog irritability, liver and kidney problems, or diabetes. Must understand the etiology in detail, the remedy to the case.

If we want to train Saint-Bernardwell, we should start with early childhood. Young Saint-Bernard dogs have a good memory and are curious and inquisitive. This is the best time to train your dog and the best time to train your dog. Here we should pay attention to the parents do not casually insult, beating, abuse Saint-Bernard dogs, because it is also easy to hurt the self-esteem of dogs, which is not good to guide St. Bernard to participate in training.


When caring for a Saint-Bernard, we have to choose food for the dog based on the age of the dog. The feed of young Saint-bernard requires high nutritional value, good palatability, and digestibility. In addition to the feed must be rich in protein, vitamin A, D, and Fat, and other nutrients, we should pay special attention to the dog supplement calcium, phosphorus, and other essential nutrients to promote bone growth.

Saint Bernard Breed History

The Saint Bernard dog originated in Denmark in the 11th century and has a long history in Switzerland. The dog is named after the Monastery of St. Bernard in the Alps. At the great St. Bernard Pass at an altitude of 2,449 meters, monks built a shelter for travelers and pilgrims. There, large mountain dogs have been used for protection and protection since the 17th century. The dog has been documented in illustrated form since 1695, and in 1707 it was documented in the boarding house. In 980 AD, the Saint Bernard dog became famous for guarding travelers on the perilous mountain passes through the Alps. Unfortunately, those early records can not be verified now. In the 18th century, monasteries raised the dog as a guide in the dangerous mountains, looking for lost people and helping them wake up. Before 1830, all St. Bernard dogs were short-haired, and to avoid inbreeding, the Scottish terrier lineages were added, resulting in the furry breed. At first, it was thought that the long-haired St. Bernard would be more resistant to the cold of the hospice, but unfortunately, the ice would freeze in the long hair, so the dog was not suitable for use as a rescue dog. After making this discovery, the monks gave the long-haired Saint Bernard to their friends as gifts, leaving only the short-haired Saint Bernard. The greatest achievement of all was the death in 1814 of a Saint Bernard dog named Black Mont, who had saved the lives of 40 people. Britain imported some poorhouse dogs as early as 1810 and bred them with the local Mastiff. By about 1828, they were known in Germany as "Alpen dog". In 1833, the writer Daniel Craig wrote: Wilson first named the dog St. Bernard, but it wasn't until 1965 that the name was officially adopted, and it wasn't until 1980 that the dog became a permanent name. By the middle of the 19th century, the dog's population had dwindled to near extinction. After several generations of breeding according to established standards, the dog was bred into its current breed. Henrich Herrera, from Holligan, near Bern, said: "It's a good idea. Schumacher was the first person to publish a pedigree document for his dog in 1867. By February 1884, registration of Swiss breeds began. The first Saint Bernard to be registered as "Leon", and the next 28 dogs to be registered were also saint Bernards. On March 15, 1884, the St. Bernard Dog Club of Switzerland was founded in Basel. On June 2, 1887, St. Bernard was officially recognized as a Breed in Switzerland at the International Canine Convention, which also issued breed standards as a constraint. Ever since St. Bernard has been considered the national dog of Switzerland.

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