Puli is a dog with a bounce in his step and a quick-thinking mind. A âsensibly suspiciousâ nature makes him an excellent watchdog.Read More
Puli Overall Status
- 16 to 17 inches at the shoulder
- Loyal, Smart, Home-Loving
- 25 to 35 pounds
- Life Expectancy
- 12 to 16 years
- Coat Color
- Black, Brown, Cream, Golden, Gray, Silver, White
- Barking Level
- Likes To Be Vocal
Puli Quick Factors
- Dog Friendly
- Exercise Need
- Grooming Needs
- Strangers Friendly
- Family Affectionate
Puli Daily Care
The Puli has a dense, weather-resistant coat that can be wavy or curly but never silky. The undercoat is soft, woolly and dense. The hair clumps easily and if left to itself will form woolly cords as the dog matures, starting when he is about 9 months old. Depending on the coat's texture and the amount of undercoat and outer coat, the cords may be flat or round. It takes four to five years to grow out completely and may eventually reach the floor.
The Puli coat can be brushed or left to the cord. If you plan to brush the coat rather than let it cord, start early and expect to brush it every day or two.
The coat doesn't shed much, but the cords must be separated regularly to maintain their look, and they do attract dirt and debris. The Puli's coat should never be dirty, matted or bad-smelling. To prevent problems, ask the breeder to show you how to care for the coat.
Trimming the hair around the mouth and cleaning the dog's face after meals is one way to help reduce odor. Bathing and drying a Puli can take hours. Be sure he is dry all the way down to the skin or he will smell as if he has mildewed. If you don't plan to show him, you may choose to keep his coat trimmed short for easier upkeep.
The rest is basic care. Trim the nails as needed, and brush the teeth frequently with a vet-approved pet toothpaste for good overall health and fresh breath. Check the ears weekly for dirt, redness or a bad odor that can indicate an infection. If the ears look dirty, wipe them out with a cotton ball dampened with a gentle, pH-balanced ear cleaner recommended by your veterinarian. Begin grooming the Puli while he is young so he becomes accustomed to it and accepts it willingly.
The Puli is a high-drive dog that requires both physical and mental stimulation. In fact, mental exercise is as important as physical exercise for this breed. After a hard day of work or play, the Puli will want to chill out with the family on the couch. Although active, he still needs time to relax with the family and get the attention that he loves so much.
Reputable breeders caution people to not overdo the physical exercise when the dog is young and the growth plates have not yet fused or closed. The Puli excels at canine sports includingherding,obedience, andagility, among other activities.
The Puli is an active and energetic dog so he needs to have a high-quality diet specifically formulated for his performance levels. Dogs that are out herding all day or doing agility courses will have different nutritional needs than one that merely romps in the yard playing fetch. Your veterinarian will be able to assist you in deciding which dry dog food formula is best for your Puli.
Any diet should be appropriate to the dog's age (puppy, adult, or senior). Some dogs are prone to gettingoverweight, so watch your dog's calorie consumption and weight level.
Treatscan be an important aid in training, but giving too many can cause obesity. Learn about whichhuman foodsare safe for dogs, and which are not. Check with your vet if you have any concerns about your dog's weight or diet.Clean, fresh water should be available at all times.
The average life span of the Puli is 12 to 14 years. Breed health concerns may include elbow andhip dysplasia,diabetes mellitus,cataracts, patellar luxation,progressive retinal atrophyandvon Willebrand disease.
Pulik were bred to be independent as well as for their ability to make certain decisions while herding and protecting livestock. This will never be bred out of them. These traits can make it difficult to train a Puli unless training begins from the time he is a pup.
Highly intelligent and headstrong, the Puli requires an experienced trainer who can prove to be a leader without being aggressive. The use of tasty treats tends to make a Puli more interested in training sessions so have plenty on hand.
If training continues throughout the life of the dog, a Puli can excel in obedience and herding trials, agility courses and the breed ring. Many have even gone on with their training and became certified as therapy dogs or water rescue dogs. With training, Pulik can do almost anything.
The Puli has been known in Hungary for at least 1,000 years. Dogs like the Puli were brought to Hungary by Magyar invaders. The dogs bear a resemblance to theTibetan Terrier, and it's possible that breed is one of their ancestors.
The type of work the dogs did depended on their size and color. Light-colored dogs were most useful at night so they could be easily seen, while dark-colored dogs worked during the day. Among the white flocks, they were easier to spot by the shepherd.
During the 17thcentury, the Puli was almost lost as a breed because of interbreeding with sheepdogs from France and Germany. In 1912, a program was begun to revive the breed. A breed standard was written in 1915 and approved by the Federation Cynologique Internationale in 1924.
The dogs had made their first appearance at a Budapest dog show a year previously and were divided into three classes: working, show, and dwarf. In 1934 the breed standard was revised and divided the dogs by height: large, medium, and dwarf. A 1935 entry in the Hungarian stud book notes four sizes: large (police), medium (working), small, and dwarf. The medium size was most popular.
The American Kennel Club recognized the Puli in 1936, but the Puli Club of America wasn't formed until 1951. The breed ranks 145thamong the dogs registered by AKC.