Hair: The Maltichon dog breed will require more effort than most other dogs out there when it comes to grooming. It should be remembered that both the parent breeds require frequent bathing, for every three to four weeks - which also holds for the Maltichon.
During the bathing, procedure conditioner formulated shampoo should be used, which would keep the dog's hair soft and supple. Moreover, combing should be done almost daily to remove any mats or tangles from forming. However, they shed a meager amount of hair.
Ears: Check your dog's ears at least once per week. If you find any bad odor, take your dog to the vet as soon as you can. Moreover, the Maltichon tend to grow a lot of hair in their ears that need to be removed regularly. You can ask your vet or your pet groomer regarding how to perform the process at home.
Nails: It's suggested that you trip your dog's toenails once or twice per month. Since dog's toenails tend to have blood vessels in them, it's recommended not to cut them too short.
Teeth: Remember to brush your Maltichon’s teeth at least two to three times per week, so that you’ll be able to remove any build-up of bacteria and tartar.
Eyes: It’s recommended to clean your Maltichon’s eyes daily with warm water to prevent any kind of tear stains and also wash your dog’s beard after every meal.
Recommended daily amount: The overall daily recommended amount is around 1/4 to 1/2 cup of high-quality dry food per day - which should be divided into two equal meals. Always keep an eye on your dog and prevent your Maltichon from over-eating and getting fat. Therefore, avoid keeping out food all the time and only offer during his or her meal periods.
What food to choose: It should be known that some Maltichons come with delicate digestive systems and thereby can be very picky eaters. Moreover, eating problems can also occur in case your dog has gum or teeth problems. If your dog shows any discomfort during eating, be sure to take him or her to the vet as quickly as possible.
The amount of food that your dog will eat will depend upon its size, age, activity level, etc. For example, if your dog has a high activity level, it'll need slightly more food than usual. The quality of the dry food that you'll be buying will also make a huge difference, as better will be the food, the more nourishment your dog will get.
How to keep good shape: Rigorous exercise with a balanced diet.
How many times to feed your dog: Thrice or twice a day. Depending upon the age and weight of the dog.
Maltichons are generally healthy, but like all other dog breeds out there, they are prone to severe health conditions. The following are some of the critical health conditions that you should be taking care of:
Condition: The knee-cap defines the patella, and luxation means dislocation of that knee-cap. The situation involves the knee joint sliding in and out of its original place, thereby causing pain. Even though the condition can be crippling, many dogs continue to lead a healthy life without issues.
Treatment: The knee-cap needs to be surgically removed if the condition is severe.
Portosystemic Liver Shunt
Condition: This is a type of renal disorder that occurs due to an abnormal vessel, which causes the blood to bypass the liver and, therefore, not get cleansed.
Treatment: The survival rate is 95 percent and can be treated medicinally. The dog will be healthy in four to eight weeks.
Progressive Retinal Atrophy (PRA)
Condition: Defined by a degenerative eye disorder, PRA can sometimes lead to blindness in dogs. The state leads to the loss of photoreceptors, present at the back of the eyes. The condition is not easy to trace before it leads to permanent blindness.
Treatment: Regular check-up of your dog’s eyes by the vet.
Condition: Hypoglycemia is caused by low sugar content in blood, which can lead to weakness, seizure, and dizziness.
Treatment: Offer your dog with more carbohydrate-rich foods and treats at frequent intervals. Also, consult with your vet for treatment and prevention options.
Condition: A condition where the trachea or the wind-pipe of the dog, responsible for carrying oxygen to the lungs, collapses quickly. The event is followed by a chronic, harsh, and dry cough that can be painful for your dog.
Treatment: The condition can be medically treated or surgically removed depending upon the severity.
Your Maltichon is a smart dog when it comes to training. These dogs are always wilful and are not stubborn when it comes to learning commands, which is why they're much more comfortable to housebreak. Even if you have no experience training dogs, you would still feel right at home with your Maltichon.
Like with all other types of dogs, Maltichons always respond to positivity and praise. You can quickly motivate your pooch with the help of treats and approvals, making your overall training process much more straightforward. Early socialization is also essential for your pooch, as it will ensure that they don't suffer from any behavioral issues later on. Unlike other toy breeds, Maltichons can be prone to anxiety if you don't take care of its behaviors.
Maltichons generally like to enjoy a regular walk in the park or playing outside on the lawn. Even if they go into old, they remain playful. Since these dogs tend to stay active even indoors, they don't require much exercise to keep themselves fit. This is why you don't need much effort to keep your Maltichon in good shape.
However, it's suggested to wait at least your dog is eight months old, before you plan on going long walks with him or her. This is because you have let your dog's leg bones develop and grow; otherwise, he or she may suffer from Patellar Luxation. Ensure that you opt for regular veterinary check-ups to find the perfect excise routine for your dog.
Since Maltichons are house dogs and could not tolerate much cold or heat, it’s recommended to not take them out in the open during the extreme summer or winter months.