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Jack Russell Terrier:Dog Breed Profile

The Jack Russell Terrier originated in the 19th century, is a white terrier from southern England. It is used primarily to hunt European red foxes above and below ground. It is named after its trainer, the Reverend Jack Russell. The dog is agile, alert, confident, and cheerful. Always full of vitality, its greatest charm should be intelligent, enthusiastic, patient, and good temperament.
Although most of the world's breed clubs do not yet recognize Jack Russell as a separate breed, its many virtues will not be lost on the show. That may be more to the advantage of its fans. As a working terrier, the Jack Russell terrier has a balanced body length and shoulder height ratio; Medium size, moderate bone mass, explosive power and endurance. This breed values its natural appearance and no pruning is allowed. The rough coat can withstand the harsh weather, the structure of the coat is tight, but the overall outline looks simple and generous.

Jack Russell Terrier Breed Picture & Video

Jack Russell Terrier Breed Characteristics

  • About Jack Russell Terrier Breed

    Name: Jack Russell Terrier

    Height: 13-14 inches

    Weight: 13-17 lbs

    Lifespan: 14-16 years

    Coat Density: Normal

    Coat Texture: Straight

    Puppy Price: $800-$1300

    Temperament: Independent, affectionate, lovely, and charming

    Suitable for: Apartment life

    The Jack Russell Terrier is a lively, energetic, gregarious working dog breed. It was originally bred to hunt European red foxes above and below the ground, and because of its quick movements and small, soft chests, it was able to enter the fox's lair and chase its prey underground. He is quick and aggressive, but for the most part, he is very affectionate towards his owner. Although most of the world's breed clubs do not yet recognize Jack Russell as a separate breed, its many virtues will not be lost on the show. That may be more to the advantage of its fans. As a working terrier, the Jack Russell terrier has a balanced body length and shoulder height ratio; Medium size, moderate bone mass, explosive power, and endurance. This breed values its natural appearance and no pruning is allowed. The rough coat can withstand the harsh weather, the structure of the coat is tight, but the overall outline looks simple and generous.

    Jack Russell Terrier was born to be very assertive and could not tolerate children or other animals at home. They are particularly aggressive to other dogs.

Jack Russell Terrier Breed Daily Care

Spring is the molting season for Jack Russell Terriers. Thick winter fur is about to fall off, and if we don’t comb it properly, dirty skin can cause itching, and Jack Russell terriers can scratch and rub against the body to get rid of itchiness, which can easily break the skin and cause bacterial infections. The unclean coat may provide a favorable environment for the propagation of ectoparasites and fungi, which may cause skin diseases. Therefore, in the springtime, we should pay special attention to Jack Russell terrier hair grooming and cleaning, prevention of skin diseases.

When a Jack Russell terrier gets home, he should not eat dog food. Instead, he should choose milk or goat's milk. If there is no fresh cow's milk, milk powder is ok, but make sure that it is not too cold or too hot. Because jack Russell terriers are small, their intestines and stomach are still underdeveloped, and their ability to absorb nutrients is limited, we should not prepare too much for each feeding, just enough for a meal. If not, you can make it a little less, and then feed it several times a day to make up for the lack of quantity. We can relax after the dog is one year old, at this time the dog's stomach development is complete, we can give the dog directly to feed some people's food do not have to worry so much. You can also add meat to your dog's food, such as chopped beef or liver from animals.

Jack Russell terrier puppies are susceptible to Ascaris and other parasitic diseases that can be extremely detrimental to growth and development and can even lead to death. So it’s very important that you do regular de-worming of the Jack Russell terrier. The first fecal test and deworming are usually done at one month of age, followed by a monthly spot check and deworming once a month. In order to avoid polluting the environment, we should dispose of the excrement and the body of the insect after deworming by fermentation. For puppies over 2 months of age, we should be based on the local epidemic situation, regularly do a good job of vaccination and vaccination.

Jack Russell terrier's white fur is associated with a deafness related pigmentation gene. Does this mean that all jrts tend to be deaf? Not necessarily, the National Institutes of Health said. According to Jack Russell Terrier, the prevalence of deafness in patients with jrts is lower than initially reported. If you are the owner of Jack Russell Terrier, it always advises your dog to have a routine examination to ensure the quality of his health.

The first thing we do when Jack Russell terrier walks through the door is give him his name, and that name will follow him for the rest of his life. When the owner is ready to feed it or play with it, call it by its name in a bright, firm tone and attract its attention, which repeated over and over again will make it quickly adapt to the name. When the owner sees the Jack Russell terrier moving around and smelling the floor after playing, eating, or waking up, it’s a sign that he wants to excrete. This is to quickly take him to the designated place of excretion, the owner after the discharge of Jack Russell terrier praise him so that after a few times it will remember the place where it should be excreted. Without Jack Russell’s knowledge, don’t teach him a lesson for defecating on the floor. This will make him too fearful to follow orders.

Did you know Jack Russell Terrier could jump five feet? These pups are also known for their endurance: they can run long distances, even dig underground, waiting for days to drive their prey out (not ideal due to dehydration).


In the care of Jack Russell Terrier, our first priority is to pay attention to the hygiene of Jack Russell terrier. We should let Jack Russell terrier strengthen the body, improve the resistance, so as to prevent disease. Puppy dog skin thin, grooming and brush to control the force, gentle, so that it does not feel uncomfortable and resistance, and slowly get used to you grooming and wiping fur for it. Keep the Kennel well ventilated and dry. At the same time, we have to insist on regular exercise every day, when the weather is good at the right time to bask in the sun. Exercise helps to strengthen metabolism and promote the development of bones and muscles. But do not exercise too much, try to let it free movement, strenuous exercise will lead to uneven physical development, and even affect the dog’s appetite and food intake. When the puppy grows up, it should be led outside to exercise, exercise its ability to adapt to the outside environment, develop its courage, and gradually begin to prepare for training.

If some pets are brought home as puppies, Jack Russell Terrier may learn to get along with other pets, but potential guardians need to consider these possibilities in advance. Jack Russell Terrier needs a lot of exercise and a big fence yard home is the best. Jack Russell Terrier has an impulse to explore and hunt and roams around. Many Jack Russell Terriers have been trapped in underground canals and caves for days. If you stay indoors, it's necessary to walk fast every day! Jack Russell Terrier also likes hiking or long game hunting. If you like a dog that sits quietly on the sofa all day, it's not the right breed for you.

Jack Russell Terrier Breed History

Jack Russell Terrier is named after Reverend John Russell, a keen fox hunter who raised hounds in England in the mid-19th century. Since then, the variety has been renamed three times. Jack Russell Terrier was the first hound bred by Reverend Russell. After his death, the breed evolved into a parson Terrier ("parson" is another word for "priest").

The Name Jack Russell terrier was coined in the early 19th century by an English church-hunter-gatherer in Wenshire called Jack Russell. At the time, Lashier was obsessed with fox hunting. Dissatisfied with the breed of hunting dog, he always wanted a dog with a strong fighting heart and a brave and nimble mind for chasing prey in burrows. The Jack Russell terrier, on the other hand, not only pursues foxes but also drives away mice. He is also a cheerful and lively person, so he is admired and loved by many people.

Jack Russell Terrier is a real kind of worker. The name of the breed comes from pastor John Russell, who developed one of the best breeds of fox working dogs in England. Jack Russell Terrier is a barking hound, which means that the dog should chase the fox out with its steady bark, but never kill its prey. Jack Russell Terrier has been strictly used for hunting since the early 19th century. Due to the wide genetic composition of Jack Russell Terrier, there are some variation criteria, Jack Russell Terrier. In fact, the disagreement over leg length has led to the fact that in the UK, the dogs are divided into different breeds. The long legged dog is called parson Jack Russell Terrier, and the short legged dog is called Jack Russell Terrier. Although short legged dogs are more popular in the United States, long legged dogs are officially recognized as Jack Russell terrier breeds. This breed has been popular with horses for many years. Media exposure, especially the popularity of moose, the hound playing Eddie in Fraser and football in wishbone, has made this breed popular rapidly. Jack Russell Terrier is a new member of the AKC Terrier group, but the member comes from fans protesting against AKC who are worried about admitting against the breed. As a result, two national associations exist, the original American Jack Russell Terrier Club, and the newer AKC recognizes the American Jack Russell Terrier Association.