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Cocker Spaniel:Dog Breed Profile

The English Cocker Spaniel, because of its superb skills in hunting snipes, digs up in the dog world to form an independent cocker spaniel. The English Cocker Spaniel comes from a family of spaniels with different sizes, types, coat colors and hunting abilities, and is one of the oldest known terrestrial hounds. The written history of the modern Cocker Spaniel began with the birth of the first English Cocker Spaniel Obo on June 14, 1879. The dog was exhibited for the first time at a dog show 4 years later. At the beginning of the 19th century, it was valued as a companion dog all over the world, and it was even more favored in Europe and America. In 1902 the dog club was established in England.

Cocker Spaniel Breed Picture & Video

Cocker Spaniel Breed Characteristics

  • About Cocker Spaniel Breed

    Name: Cocker Spaniel

    Height: 13-15 inches

    Weight: 20-30 lbs

    Lifespan: 12-16 years

    Coat Density: Sparse

    Coat Texture: Wavy

    Puppy Price: $800-$1200

    Temperament: Active, sensitive, gentle, and intelligent

    Suitable for: Children; seniors; families

    The cocaine family is one of the oldest terrestrial hounds, and it has existed for centuries. The English Cocker Spaniel is bred from dogs of different sizes, different types, different coat colors and different hunting abilities. As early as 1300, there are zombies very similar to the dog in the painting. About 5,000 years later, the zombies have gradually evolved into 7 different breeds: English Spurred Cocker Spaniel, Welsh Spurred Cocker Spaniel, Cocker Spaniel, Sussex Long-haired Spaniel, Ranch Cocker Spaniel, Irish Water Spaniel and Clumber Spaniel.

    Although the hair on their heads is short and thin, they should have feathers on their legs, abdomen, chest and ears. The cocker spaniel is about 15 inches tall and weighs between 20 and 30 pounds. Their bodies are strong and compact, their heads are well-defined and well-balanced. The skull should be round, without any plane, and show clearly defined eyebrows. Long lobular ears soft and feathered. The Cocker Spaniel has almond shaped dark brown eyes, large and round, but should not protrude. American Cocker dogs have a soft, alert and intelligent expression that their owners find particularly attractive. The muzzle is square, deep and wide, with a black or brown nose. The upper lip is plump and has enough depth to cover the lower jaw. They have strong teeth and they have scissors. This charming dog has a long, muscular neck, a deep chest and a strong sloping back. The butt tail should be in line with the back, or slightly higher, but not straight up like this. Overall, the Cocker Spaniel has an elegant and friendly look, perfect for family pets or hounds.

Cocker Spaniel Breed Daily Care

When grooming the English Cocker Spaniel, it should be combed once in the morning and evening for 5 minutes each time. Pay attention to the sequence of combing: starting from the neck, from front to back, and from top to bottom in sequence, that is, from the neck to the shoulders, then back, chest, waist, abdomen, hindquarters, then comb the head, and finally, It is the limbs and tail. You should comb one side before combing the other side. Combing method: Combing hair should be combed and pulled quickly in the direction of the hair. When grooming long-haired dogs, many people only comb the long hair on the surface and ignore the fine hair below. The undercoat of a dog is soft and dense. If it is not combed for a long time, it will form tangles and even cause eczema, tinea, or other skin diseases. Therefore, when grooming a long-haired dog, you should comb layer by layer, turn the long hair up, and then comb its undercoat. Types of combs: hairbrush, elastic wire brush, and long and sparse metal comb. The brush can only make the ends of the long hair fluffy, but not the fine hair. When grooming long-haired dogs, brushes, elastic wire brushes, and long and sparse metal combs should be used together.

With not properly cleaned, they may be vulnerable to ear infections such as otitis media. The eyes of Cocker Spaniel should also be checked at this time, because they are too big to be protected. You also need to trim their nails regularly and professionally every few months. Take a bath once a month with a mild shampoo recommended by a veterinary care provider.

In the English Cocker Spaniel's diet, the supply of meat is more than that of other dog breeds. Generally, 250 to 350 grams of meat are fed every day, plus the same amount of dry vegetables and biscuits, and appropriate drinking water. Brush the coat with a brush or comb every day. Cocker spaniels have long and dense coats on their chest, abdomen, and legs, and they are often dragged on the ground. If they are not combed often, they will stick to dust or dirt, or even clump together, which not only affects the appearance but also Suffering from diseases caused by germs. In addition to grooming it regularly, but also taking a bath for them every once in a while.

In the process of maintaining the health of the English Cocker Spaniel, we must pay attention to the activity of the Cocker Spaniel. The reason is that it was originally a bird hunting dog that lived in the wild.

Because they are very popular, commercial dog factories and breeders appear all over the United States, ignoring the dog's health and temperament, resulting in a generally unhealthy group of hounds. Fortunately, with strict breeding regulations and the closure of dog factories, the American Cocker breed has been restored. Although this breed is still widely used as a hunting dog, the cocker spaniel is also often used as a pet companion.

When training the English Cocker Spaniel, you can't ask it to obey everything, just as you can't make such a requirement for a child. However, in the breeding process, the dog must be pointed out what is taboo against it. In this way, with age, dogs learn to obey. If a dog is found to do something that it is not allowed to do, he must be punished. It should be noted that the punishment here is not to hit the dog, but to shake the collar on the dog's neck, sternly scold it or pat it gently. But it can only be punished when it catches on the spot what it is not allowed to do. The punishment after the fact is wrong, otherwise, the dog will understand that what it does is wrong. During the training period, it is best for the owner to raise and manage the English Cocker Spaniel. When feeding the dog and every time you come into contact with the dog, be flexible, speak gentle, and be generous. Coupled with daily grooming and cleaning, playing with the dog, gradually eliminating the dog's defensive response and inquiry response to its own, familiar with the owner's smell, voice, and behavior characteristics. When the dog expresses cordial excitement to the owner, the dog can be trained.

Some of the Cocker Spaniel are hard to train indoors, so plenty of outdoor rest will help train and provide an energy outlet. You need to keep the consistency of your training, and at the same time keep the consistency of your practice, adding content to your family.

In the process of taking care of the English Cocker Spaniel, every once in a while, it is necessary to do the work of removing tartar and earwax, and to wash its eyes with light saltwater, so as to prevent the facial features from being unclean and causing diseases. Usually, we should also pay attention to whether it is abnormal in eating, sleeping, walking and other activities, and whether the mental state is abnormal. If it is found to be sick, it should be treated in time. The training of the cocker spaniel is also very important. It should not be allowed to develop naturally, otherwise, it is easy to develop its willful and stubborn bad habits.

Cocker Spaniel Breed History

As early as 1878, the American Dog Club officially recognized this noble looking dog. They come in 13 different colors and two different styles of markings. According to the AKC, the cocker spaniel is a very popular breed in the United States.

The written history of today's cocker spaniel should be from the birth of the first English Cocker Spaniel Obo on June 14, 1879. Ober first participated in a dog show when he was four years old. Before the 17th century, this type of dog was called a spaniel regardless of its size, body length, or pace. Significant differences in body size have slowly attracted the attention of hunters for different purposes in hunting. For example, larger dogs can quickly agitate their prey, while smaller ones are better at hunting mound snipes, so there are Different names for Springer Spaniel and Cocker Spaniel or Chowder Hound.

The breed history of American Cocker dogs according to the American dog club, the dog family has existed since the 14th century. It is said that the first hounds came to the United States on the Mayflower in 1620, but they were not registered until 1878. In 1946, AKC registered British Cocker dogs as a separate breed and listed American Cocker dogs separately. The breed is divided into land dog and water dog. Land hounds are also divided by size. They are all raised for hunting, and the American Cocker is the smallest breed, both on land and on water. This determined dog was bred to wash away and retrieve birds like Woodcock, which is where the cocker retriever gets its name. The British Cocker Spaniel was brought to the United States by hunting enthusiasts in the 19th century. They appreciate the skills of bird hunting. However, some American breeders have decided to raise them for the show and want them to be smaller. It also made the Cocker Spaniel a popular pet companion and soon became one of the most popular purebred dogs in the United States.