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Cockalier:Dog Breed Profile

The Cockalier is a mixed breed dog, resulting from the cross between a Cavalier King Charles Spaniel and Cocker Spaniel breeds. These cuties are friendly, tender, and brainy. Just like other crossbreeds, these pups have also inherited some of the best qualities of both of the parent breeds. The Cockalier is one of the most loving and devoted crossbreed dogs around the world. They are affectionate, loyal, and smart. They tend to quickly create lifetime bonds with anyone who shows them love and compassion. They are considered ideal for first-time owners as they are intelligent and respond very well to training.

Even though Cockaliers are high energy dogs, they can easily adapt to living in apartments and smaller living spaces. The only requirement is that of enough exercise. In short, these are lovable pups with a great temperament – ideal as a pet pup. They are high energy dogs; hence need a fair amount of daily exercise to stay healthy and happy and in proper shape.

Cockalier Breed Picture & Video

Cockalier Breed Characteristics

  • About Cockalier Breed

    The Cockalier is a medium-sized crossbreed dog. An adult Cockalier can reach a height of 12 – 15 inches and can weigh anywhere between 10 – 28 pounds. They would love being in any environment, and taking them out for their tasks won't be a huge task.

    These dogs naturally love being with people and therefore live happily in a family arrangement. They mingle very well with children and also with other pets. But they need to be taught to socialize right from a young age.

    Cockaliers require quite a lot of effort in maintenance. Their coat needs to be brushed frequently and they are moderate shedders.

Cockalier Breed Daily Care

The Cockalier is a moderate maintenance dog and needs great efforts in grooming. Here are some of the indicators for you on how to maintain your Cockalier in the best way:

Ears: This breed is easily susceptible to ear infections. You can prevent this by regularly cleaning the ears meticulously and checking frequently for signs of problems.

Eyes: Their eyes need to be checked regularly. They need to be cleaned once in a while to clean the dirt.

Teeth: It is suggested to brush their teeth every day. Thrice in a week is also considered alright.

Nails: Occasional nail trimming is a must. You can schedule the trimming once in a fortnight to avoid scratches here and there.

Hair: Their coat will require to be brushed at least thrice a week or even every day. Dogs that have long and wavy coat will be at the higher need of brushing, while those with a short coat will have a lesser need of brushing. Their hair may easily get tangled and matted, so special care has to be taken.

Recommended daily amount: You can feed a Cockalier anywhere from ½ cup to 2½ cups of food every day, depending upon his size, digestion, and activity level.

What food to choose: You can provide your Cockalier with suitable canned food, and adjust the amount of dry food to maintain the right balance.

How to keep good shape: Just like their Cocker Spaniel, Cockaliers also have a love for food and tend to overeat when left on their own. Hence it is necessary to monitor their food intake and give them their due share of exercise to keep them in proper shape.

How many times to feed your dog: You will be required to divide your dog’s meal into 2 parts.

Just like all other hybrid dog breeds, the Cockalier might also be susceptible to succeed in the health conditions that affect its parent breeds. In general, these dogs are affected by diseases such as ear infections, syringomyelia, liver problems, obesity, hypothyroidism, skin problems, hemolytic anemia, to name a few. Here are some of the health issues faced by the Cockalier:

Hip Dysplasia:

Condition – In this disease, an abnormal hip socket takes place, which leads to chronic osteoarthritis. Due to this, the dog experiences limited movement, sometimes long-term pain, and inflammation in the hip. The dogs suffering from this disease are inflexible, slow, and have an irregular walk. The disease can be diagnosed using X-rays of the hip joints.

Treatment - Acute cases need corrective surgery. Mild cases can be treated through pain medication.

Patellar Luxation:

Condition - A luxation in the patella (also referred to as patellar luxation) is the medical term for a displacement of the knee-cap. It is a hereditary disease, which starts showing up its symptoms when a puppy is four months old. An affected dog will limp, or avoid the use of the affected leg altogether.

Treatment – For chronic cases, surgery is the only option. Monitoring the conditions periodically to avoid future complications is the best way to keep this problem at bay.


Condition: Just like other animals including human beings, dogs also experience events of seizures and fits, which usually do not represent any noticeable underlying medical issue. Such episodes of seizures may occur at any time.

Treatment - Epilepsy does not have any particular treatment. The condition is treated using anti-convulsing medicines. These medicines help in controlling the episodes of fits or seizures without adversely affecting the dog’s health.

The Cockalier is naturally intelligent, receptive, alert, and pretty easy to train. Obedience training is not necessary for these pups. They don’t resist controlling, but they also love a little bit of their freedom. Their training sessions should not be very prolonged.

Despite the fact the Cockalier is easy to train, it is also very easily side-tracked. That is the reason why short sessions work well with them. Also, long and tiring sessions will only strain you and the dog. They work quite well under a positive and reward-based atmosphere.

The Cockalier is naturally gentle, patient, affectionate, and soft with children and other animals around it. The stage at which the socialization is being taught, they need to be supervised. As puppies, they are very soft and tender and may get hurt by kids or other animals that are too excited to play with.

The Cockaliers are never nasty or cruel and very tolerant of unacquainted situations. Even if they bark at strangers, they easily mingle with them quickly and in a very friendly way. They are highly attention-seeking and crave the affection and love of people around them. With the appropriate amount of exercise, diet, and attention, these pups can live practically anywhere, be it an apartment or a farm. The most crucial thing is to let them do what they adore the most—spending time with their people. They just want to be loved, and played with. They will be happy with any toy, as long as you play with them.

Cockalier Breed History

The Cockalier is a designer hybrid believed to have originated in the United States. The Cockalier is a fairly new dog in the hybrid breed category, and due to this, there are not many pieces of evidence available in the history of Cockalier breeding. The Cockalier is a result of crossing between the Cavalier King Charles Spaniel and the Cocker Spaniel. Both of the breeds have a European origin, and of the spaniel grouping, which means that they are comparatively closely linked.

Due to this relatively closer genetic relationship, the features of the Cockalier are somewhat easier to calculate than any other hybrid dogs. It is to be expected that the Cockalier was first purposely bred in the last few decades due to the increasing popularity of the hybrid dogs. There is one sure thing though, that in history, this breed was never used as a combat dog.