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Cavachon:Dog Breed Profile

Cavachon dogs are not a pure breed variety but a mix of Bichon Frise and a Cavalier King Charles Spaniel. They have a playful nature and a small size. The name Cavachons is an amalgamation of the originating breeds (Cavalier King Charles Spaniel & Bichon Frise). The cross-breeding has given the dog size small enough to be adapted to the apartment lifestyle. They are full of energy and love to play. So when you return home to them you will be reenergized and have a great day ahead.

Cavachons have a medium fur coat usually of white, black or brown, but most dogs are multi-colored (two to three color markings). The Cavachon dogs shed very lightly and easy to care for. They are mild in behavior which allows for easy training of the pups. These dogs are fun-loving and do very well with kids, hence suitable as indoor pets. With a toy like an appearance and playful nature, Cavachons have gained popularity in the US as handbag dogs or lapdogs. They have the best of both the parents, so a great deal to have as a pet. They are safe around kids and elders as well.

Cavachon Breed Picture & Video

Cavachon Breed Characteristics

  • About Cavachon Breed

    Name: Cavachon

    Weight: 13-35 lbs

    Height: 12-13 inches

    Colors: White, apricot, cream, or white with tan or black; tri-colored.

    Cavachons are mostly described to be playful, obedient, and social. They like to play and please everyone around. They are friendly dogs to have around. They make the house cheerful. They are easy to train and are great charmers and like to cuddle and gain attention.

    Cavachons do not frequently bark, they do not disturb the people at home. They are easy to train and do not need to be taken out daily.

    The most common adjective to describe cavachon is "happy.". Lovable, funny and friendly, cavachon yearns for love and attention and likes to hold it in your lap. Although cavachon tends to bark at strangers, they like to make new friends and make friends quickly and easily. Cavachon is quite energetic, although cavachon does need about 30 minutes of exercise and activity every day. Although cavachon doesn't like adventure very much, he likes to have fun anywhere as long as he can be with their people. These puppies are highly social and don't like to be left alone. The gentle and easy-going cavachon often gets along well with his children and other pets, especially when he's been socializing since childhood. Cavachon's keen intelligence and desire to please make them easy to train. However, they tend to have short attention duration, so training courses should be short, interesting and positive.

    Cavachon usually shows a mixture of silky, wavy curls. Cavachon has a two or three color mark, including white, black, tan or apricot. Just like its parents, cavalgio inherited its beautiful and deep black eyes, which makes you lose your way. As we mentioned earlier, since cavachon is a hybrid, the appearance of cavachon varies from nest to nest. However, you can be sure that cavachon won't grow very big or too heavy. Cavachon's fur will have some wavy texture.

Cavachon Breed Daily Care

Hair: Cavachon needs to be brushed daily with the help of a firm bristle brush to keep hair detangled. Then daily you must clean them with a damp towel to make them feel fresh. They are suitable for all types of weather as they do not shed too much.

Nails: Cutting the toenails from an early age to prevent mishandling. Nails should be trimmed once or twice each month.

Teeth: Ensure that you establish the habit of brushing your dog's teeth. Teeth must be cleaned every day.

Ears: Ears of Cavachons that need to be checked frequently. Clean out any debris to prevent any infections.

Eyes: Regular cleaning will do the trick of keeping your dog healthy.

Weekly brushing is necessary for cavachon to maintain the perfect shape and health of cavachon's coat. It may also be necessary to trim the medium to long curls of cavachon, at least sometimes. If you don't have the experience to do so yourself, you may have to take your cavachon to a beauty salon. Although cavachon is considered a light shed, it is recommended that you bathe your cavachon once a month or every six weeks. The hair around cavachon's eyes must be trimmed to avoid eye diseases such as conjunctivitis. You can also train cavachon's hair to grow in the other direction by pushing it away from your eyes with a damp cloth or cotton pad.

Recommended daily amount: 1 cup

What food to choose: Select a formula food meant for moderate energy dogs.

How to keep in good shape: Half an hour of physical exercise or playing is sufficient to keep your dog healthy.

How many times to feed your dog: Twice daily

Do not overfeed them. They tend to gain weight and become overweight due to less activity. Though the amount of food will change with age and weight, consult a veterinarian.

Cavachons have inherited heart issues from their parent breed Cavalier King Charles Spaniel.

Atopic Dermatitis

They tend to have allergic skin diseases. It can be seen as itching and redness of the skin. The ears, paws, lips, and bottom are most often affected. The problems can arise in puppies of 4 months as well.

Treatment: Medication works well in this case.


A few puppies of Cavachon are born with cataract which affects their vision. There are age-related issues also for the sight that can be seen in Cavachon. Crystal-like structures are developed in the dark part of the lens.

Treatment: These need to be removed surgically in most cases.

Cushing’s Disease

The presence of excess cortisol or the stress hormone that is found circulating in the blood causes a disease called Cushing. The problem is more common in aged dogs which may be caused because of a tumor. This tumor occurs in the pituitary gland of the brain or in the adrenal gland in the abdomen.

Treatment: This disease is generally treatable with medication only.

Mitral Endocardiosis

The degeneration of the mitral valve causes Mitral Endocardiosis in dogs. The valve on the left side of the heart separates the two chambers. This can lead to the backflow of blood through this valve which causes excess pressure in the left side atrium. Hence the heart is enlarged. The symptoms of this disease are intolerance towards exercise, enlargement of the abdomen, breathlessness, or repeated coughing.

Treatment: The treatment is generally by the means of surgery.

Patellar Luxation

The deformation in the hind limb bone can make the kneecap or patella slip out of place. This will lead to lameness or called skipping gait.

Treatment: The discomfort in the joint can be corrected by the means of surgery.

Patent Ductus Arteriosus

This is a rare disease seen in dogs. The embryonic blood vessel is still intact after birth leading to problems in the circulation of blood.

Treatment: This disease can be detected only by a veterinary surgeon when they listen to the heart of the puppy closely.

Portosystemic Shunt

Failure of liver functioning that is generally caused due to the excess presence of accessory blood vessels needed to bypass the circulatory route.

Treatment: Medication or at times surgery is needed.


In the neck region of the spinal cord when there is a cystic deformity, it is called syringomyelia. Due to this disease, severe pain is felt by the dog or compulsive itching occurs in puppies.

Treatment: It is difficult to be identified, done by professionals only. Treated by medication in the initial stage or surgery.

Cavachon is very intelligent and fun to train. They always respond well to positive reinforcement, as they are very obedient and like to follow the owner or trainer. They are charmers and like to please everyone around so tend to easily learn tricks and also do as told.

They like to socialize; having a trainer for them is a good idea so that they can learn techniques to be good around guests at home.

Cavachon is a smart and relatively fast learner, but you need to be very consistent during training to make your cavachon understand what you want from her. The cavalgio learn best when training starts early. The earlier you introduce cavachon puppies into obedience training and socialization, the faster and more effective it will be.

Cavachon is a very active dog breed and can live inside small spaces and apartments. They also don't require much place to live in. You need to play at least 30 minutes with physical activity with the dog and he/ she will stay fit.

Cavachon Breed History

The first breeding of Cavachons is believed to take place in 1996 in Virginia in the United States. The Gleneden Kennels in Berryville have claimed to have successfully bred the hybrid breed. This breed has traveled the world as it is a popular dog breed. It is loved in Europe, the United Kingdom as well. The dog’s low shedding quality is a plus point for all the dog lovers. Most of the Cavachons are first-generation offsprings from the parents but the number cannot be certain. They generally resemble one of the parents more than the other. They look like soft toys if kept well-groomed. Curly hair makes them even more appealing.

Cavachon is a combination of Bichon and knight King Charles. The parents of bison originated in the Mediterranean region. Cavachon is the offspring of dogs known as "Barbie" or "water hounds," which cross with white puppies. Cavachon is said to have been brought there by Spanish sailors. Later, Italian sailors found them and took them home, where they were valued by Italian nobles. This variety is included in several works by artist Francisco de Goya. Cavachon was brought to the United States in 1955 and was eligible to join the American dog club in 1971. As for the history of the parents of the knight King Charles hound, the first toy hound was depicted in famous paintings from the 16th to 18th centuries, indicating that this lovely breed once occupied a place in the hearts of the royal family. He was valued for his gentle nature, especially King Charles II, who ruled England at the end of the 17th century. In fact, this hound named after the king got its name here. After the death of the king, the pug became the favorite companion of the nobility; however, many years of breeding and refining around the world made the knight King Charles come to North America in 1952, although it was not included in the list of American dog club until 1996. Cavachon is an attractive combination.