Home / Dog Breeds / Bernese Mountain Dog

Bernese Mountain Dog:Dog Breed Profile

The Bernese Mountain Dog is a large, trichromatic, long-legged dog. Firm and harmonious, intelligent, sturdy, and flexible enough in mountainous areas to perform tasks such as dragging or driving herds, which is the origin of this breed. The male dog is majestic and the female is gentle. Originating in Europe, it has historically been the best helper for shepherds. Over time, it has become a popular pet dog. In the early days in The Bern area of Switzerland is the goods, cheese manufacturing, weaving shop cart, and gradually developed varieties.
The coat is long and short. The upper coat is thick and medium in texture. The undercoat is short and soft, and the color is black, white, and brown. Ears of moderate size, the tail of medium length, pendulous, upturned when excited. The dog is confident, alert, and kind, not neurotic or shy. When facing strangers, Bern mountain dogs stand firmly in place and remain aloof. Very intelligent, with good endurance, not aggressive, loyal, and easy to tame, is also a good family dog.


Bernese Mountain Dog Breed Picture & Video

Bernese Mountain Dog Breed Characteristics

  • About Bernese Mountain Dog Breed

    Name: Bernese Mountain Dog

    Height: 23-26 inches

    Weight: 70-100 lbs

    Lifespan: 6-8 years

    Coat Density: Dense

    Coat Texture: Wavy

    Puppy Price: $800-$2000

    Temperament: Loyal, intelligent, and easy going

    Suitable for: Families of any size

    Bernese mountain dog is a large variety with a beautiful three-color fur, including black covering the white chest with a brown accent. White usually appears on the toes and tip of the tail, but the most obvious feature may be a white flame spreading to a point on the forehead.

    These Bernese mountain dogs have big brown eyes that are affectionate, slightly drooping to Bernese mountain dogs, but always full of vitality. Because these big Bernese mountain dogs are of mastiff origin, the Bernese have a huge head and large, soft ears.

    The Bernese mountain dog is a large, trichromatic, long-legged dog. Firm and harmonious, intelligent, sturdy and flexible enough in mountainous areas to perform tasks such as dragging or driving herds, which is the origin of this breed. The male dog is majestic and the female is gentle. Originating in Europe, it has historically been the best helper for shepherds. Over time, it has become a popular pet dog. In the early days in The Bern area of Switzerland is the goods, cheese manufacturing, weaving shop cart and gradually developed varieties. The coat is long and short. The upper coat is thick and medium in texture. The undercoat is short and soft, and the color is black, white and brown. Ears of moderate size, tail of medium length, pendulous, upturned when excited. The dog is confident, alert and kind, not neurotic or shy. When facing strangers, Bern mountain dogs stand firmly in place and remain aloof. Very intelligent, with good endurance, not aggressive, loyal and easy to tame, is also a good family dog.

    It's hard not to fall in love with the sweet character of Bernese mountain dog. Bernese mountain dog is affectionate, very intelligent and gentle.

Bernese Mountain Dog Breed Daily Care

Bernese Mountain Dogs have black hair and cannot be exposed to the hot sun for long periods of time. This not only causes the dog to suffer heatstroke but also causes the black hair to slowly fade, which can cause the dog's hair to become a very ugly color. In the summer, owners shouldn't cut off their hair because they're worried they'll get too hot. On the contrary, dogs' hair stands out against the sun's rays!

If you brush your Bernese mountain dog a few times a week, its hair will be bright and clean, so there won't be much problem. That's good because you don't have to bathe Bernese mountain dog often, unless, of course, Bernese mountain dog is particularly dirty. Otherwise, four to five times a year is enough.

The best tool for combing your Bernese mountain dog is a stainless steel needle brush, a smooth brush, and a stainless steel comb with fine teeth. In addition to brushing your teeth regularly, it's very important to keep your Bernese Mountain Dog manicured and ears clean.

The Bernese Mountain Dog is a high-quality breed among large dogs. Its skin is black, so it is not suitable to be exposed to the air under the hot sun. When raising the Bernese Mountain Dog, besides giving the dog food, don't forget to add some nutritious food such as calcium powder, fine hair powder, and nutritional cream to your dog. For pet dogs, in addition to professional dog food, parents can also choose some lean mutton, beef, fresh vegetables, and other foods with low-fat content to feed the Bernese Mountain Dog. Ensure that the Bern mountain dog has adequate food intake and a balanced diet to ensure healthy growth. In addition, in order to supplement the insufficient vitamins, calcium powder, and other nutrients in the food, parents can also choose the appropriate nutrition agent, the appropriate amount of added in the food of Bernese Mountain Dog, to ensure its growth of nutrient requirements.

The oral care of dogs is very necessary for diseases. The oral care of dogs is a big deal. If you do not pay attention to it, it will pose a threat to the health of dogs. 1. Brush your teeth 2-3 times a week when the dog is 6 months old. In the beginning, the dog will certainly not adapt to the resistance, but if you insist on doing it, you will develop a better habit. First, take a gauze strip dipped in a little of normal saline wrapped around the index finger, and then wipe the gingiva and the gap between the teeth, the action should be light, so as not to damage the gingiva; Once the dog is used to it, brush his teeth with a little pet toothpaste, which does not require rinsing but allows him to swallow dry. The above operation can last for 2 weeks. After the dog is fully adapted, it can be brushed with a special toothbrush for the dog. After long-term adherence, the ideal nursing effect can be obtained. 2, do not give the dog too many sweets, such as chocolate, sugar, so as to prevent it from dental caries. Can feed it vegetables stick and other biting bone, not only can exercise the dog teeth bite force, but also can play the role of cleaning calculus, cleaning tartar. 3, if once the occurrence of oral ulcers, gingival redness and swelling, and other phenomena, can use warm saline wash and wipe iodine glycerin or antibiotics, the lesion is serious, the application of antibiotic therapy. 4. Supplement your dog's teeth with B vitamins every now and then to reduce the risk of disease.

These gentle giants are prone to dental problems, so it's important to keep your teeth clean with toys and toothpicks or regular brushing. Another major problem Bernese mountain dog may encounter is obesity. That's why it's crucial not to over feed your Bernese mountain dog, no matter how big it may get. Always pay attention to food suggestions and talk with your veterinarian about the best diet for your Bernese mountain dog.

We should keep the principle of more praise and less reprimand when training the Bernese Mountain Dog, and we should not train the Bourne Mountain dog for too long. Before training the Bernese Mountain Dog, the owner should first understand the dog's personality characteristics and then conduct training according to its actual situation, so as to achieve twice the result with half the effort. The owner had better cooperate with the voice and gesture during training.

Early training is very important for Bernese mountain dog, because once Bernese mountain dog grows up and reaches the average weight, it is difficult for Bernese mountain dog to control. If you have one of these, rope training and self-control will be very useful.

Bernese Mountain Dog are actually quite hardy, but if you live in a city that doesn't have spring and autumn, you need to pay attention. In the face of a sudden drop in temperature, dogs are very vulnerable to illness if we do not provide comprehensive assistance in the care of Bernese Mountain Dog. So in the winter, we should not let the dog sleep on the floor, but should prepare a relatively warm kennel for him.

Bernese Mountain Dog Breed History

There are four varieties in the history of Bernese Mountain Dog: sennenhund, entlebucher sennenhund, Bernese mountain dog and Berner sennenhund (Bernese Mountain Dog).

More than 2000 years ago, the Roman army to the ancestors of the Bernese mountain dog to Switzerland, later and the Swiss local shepherd to interbreed, produced four varieties of mountain dogs, Bernese mountain dog is one of them. The Bern mountain dog is a better working dog and can be used as a herder and transport dog. In the early days, it was used for hauling goods in the Bern region of Switzerland. In the mid-19th century, the Bernese Mountain dog population began to decline, and by the early 20th century it was almost extinct, with only a few purebred dogs remaining and breeding with short-haired St. Bernard dogs. In 1907, the Bern Mountain Dog Club was founded in Switzerland, which continued the development of the dog. Bernese Mountain Dogs have become increasingly popular with dog lovers. This breed was bred in the 1930s because of its size and protective ability, which made its temperament somewhat unstable in some ways and made it prone to aggression for unknown reasons. The Bernese Mountain dog is a better working dog and can be used as a herder and transport dog. It was easy to train and was a great success at the fair. It may be a giant dog with a weak feeling and therefore requires an experienced owner to keep it.

The ancestors of Bernese Mountain Dog probably originated from the crossbreeding of Swiss Alps farm dogs and moloser dogs, which were mastiff dogs brought by the Romans in the first century BC. This combination illustrates the big head and gentle personality of the Bernese, as well as the amazing professional ethics and power of Bernese mountain dog. Although Bernese mountain dog was originally Bernese mountain dog as a farm, accompanying sheep, pulling carts, and defending homes, Bernese mountain dog is usually just a partner. Bernese mountain dog is the only one in the group with long fur. Although these Bernese mountain dogs have existed since ancient times, they were not recognized until 1902. Bernese Mountain Dog Club of Switzerland sponsored a program, which aroused people's attention to Bernese mountain dog of Switzerland. Two years later, in 1904, Bernese mountain dog won the name of Bernese mountain dog at an international exhibition in Bern. In the same year, the working dog was recognized as a breed. In 1936, two British breeders discovered the beautiful Berners and began to breed Bernese mountain dog in England. By about 1937, the AKC had accepted the friendly and kind Bernese mountain dog into the formal working class category. Since then, this huge, gorgeous variety has entered people's hearts.

Konw More About Bernese Mountain Dog