Home / Dog Breeds / Australian Shepherd

Australian Shepherd:Dog Breed Profile

Although it is called an Australian shepherd, the dog's main breeding base is in the United States. The breed is descended from the Collie, and the earliest lineage can be traced back to France and the Spanish region of BASCO.
As a working dog, the Australian shepherd has excellent herding and guarding abilities, especially in search and rescue, and is widely praised for its absolute obedience. It’s also a loyal partner, with amazing stamina and the ability to work around the clock.
The Australian Shepherd is quick-witted, lively, stable, and natural, with very little competition, and to some extent it has remained the same as it was before, with very little change.

Australian Shepherd Breed Picture & Video

Australian Shepherd Breed Characteristics

  • Group: Herding Group

    Australian Shepherd is actually not from Australia, but developed as a shepherd dog in the United States. Australian Shepherd is used for grazing livestock, especially sheep. Australian Shepherd is happiest when she has work to do, such as herding or performing magic.

  • Barking Level: Medium

    Australian Shepherd grazes animals, people and objects by biting and barking. If you leave Australian Shepherd alone and doing nothing, Australian Shepherd can become very annoying and destructive.

  • Characteristics: Largest Dog Breeds

    The large Australian Shepherd can also be a guide dog for the blind and / or hearing impaired. Australian Shepherd is used as a search and rescue dog, a drug enforcement dog and a treatment dog. Australian Shepherd also enjoys juggling and agility and playing with his family in the yard.

  • Coat Type: Long

    Australian Shepherd has a long coat because of its beautiful appearance. Australian Shepherd should have a slightly longer body and be positive, flexible and strong. Australian Shepherd's front and back legs should be the same width and stand square.

  • Shedding: Seasonal

    Australian Shepherd has a weather resistant double coat. Australian Shepherd's fur is not long, but it's dense. Villi usually shed in spring or summer. Intact females shed after each heat cycle. The outer layer should be straight, but slight curl is allowed.

  • Size: Large

    Large Australian shepherds need a family willing to provide structure, training and a lot of exercise.

  • Trainability: Easy Training

    Australian Shepherd is good at dog sports, such as grazing experiment, tracking, agility, flying ball, skill and obedience training.

  • Activity Level: Energetic

    If the energetic dog can't get enough exercise and keep his brain active, it may be a battle to keep him energetic.

  • Grooming Requirements: High

    Australian Shepherd is not hypoallergenic. It's a common shepherd dog. Australian Shepherd's hair is easy to maintain and comb, and you can use a natural bristle brush and comb.

  • Exercise Requirements: Significant

    Australian Shepherd is very good at agility, diving, obedience and grazing. Australian Shepherd can also stay active by learning new skills and taking a walk in Australian Shepherd's community. Australian shepherds need a fenced yard to prevent Australian Shepherd from trying to graze cars, children or other animals nearby. These amorous puppies are loyal to Australian Shepherd's family and are naturally indifferent to strangers and other dogs. Early socialization is necessary to ensure that Australian Shepherd can adapt to the new situation.

  • Affection Needs: Balanced

    Australian Shepherd is a very smart and loyal partner, but Australian Shepherd is also a very active dog who needs to stay occupied.

  • Purebred or Mixed: Purebred Dog Breeds

    Purebred Australian Shepherd has been bred to be mainly livestock and will try to play a leading role in the family. Australian Shepherd can be a great family partner. When the training is consistent, Australian Shepherd understands his role in the family.

  • About Australian Shepherd Breed

    Name: Australian Shepherd

    Height: 18-23 inches

    Weight: 35-70 lbs

    Lifespan: 10-14 years

    Coat Density: Dense

    Coat Texture: Straight

    Puppy Price: $400-$1500

    Temperament: Protective, affectionate, versatile, and intelligent

    Suitable for: Active family

    Australian Shepherd has almond shaped eyes, which can be brown, blue or amber, showing the wisdom and alertness of the dog. Australian Shepherd's ears should be triangular and high on his head. The ears should be folded but not suspended. Blue Meles and black puppies must have black noses, but red Meles and red puppies must have liver noses. Most dogs lean on their tails, but Australian Shepherd can swing naturally.

    The Australian Shepherd is a working dog with strong herding and guarding ability. Is a loyal partner, but also has the all-weather work perseverance. Very harmonious, slightly longer than height, medium size, medium bone mass, variable color, and personality. It is focused and active, flexible, and agile, muscular but not heavy. Coat of medium length, rough. As a Collie, the Australian shepherd has a wide field of vision and can easily take care of an entire group of animals without the need for intense attention. Unlike other dogs, which need better eyesight to care for a group of animals in the event of an accident such as a tripping or Straggler, the Australian Shepherd, in this case, has been as unflappable as a single animal in a Hayloft. Australian shepherds have been registered in other countries since the 1950s, but have been registered as indigenous dogs in Australia. It was added to the AKC fine breed register in 1991 and to the Collie collection in January 1993.


Australian Shepherd Breed Daily Care

Start by gently brushing the dog's hair with a flat comb to see the knots and clumps. Then the action should be gentle, with a round needle brush its whole body brush again, be careful not to pull out the dog’s hair. After brushing, the dog body hair should not be tied together at this time, adding to the side of the leg skin is more sensitive, so comb here hair must be particularly careful. Then with a fine number of comb again, here pay attention not to use a short hairbrush to comb, here will be a number of the little combs. Use Scissors to cut the long hair around the dog’s feet, because this area is easy to accumulate dust and dirt, if not cleaned in time will cause some problems, so always trim. Finally, Trim off the long hairs and fluff that connect the dog’s hind legs, as this area is where the dog defecates, making it easy to knot and accumulate dirt. 

Every Australian shepherd should be well cared for from birth, and of course, the best thing for a puppy is to be in the warm embrace of its mother. As the Australian shepherd is itself a working dog on the ranch, so it has its own strong, good breeding, not delicate advantages, and its daily cost is not high, is the regular vaccination, dog food, and some toys costs. For the rest, remember to take him out in the sun on Sunny days and give him a little time each day to comb his hair carefully, for grooming is the equivalent of a massage for a dog, helps the dog’s metabolism. In Life, if enough time may wish to take it outside activities, to provide it with more space, this is the Australian Shepherd Dog, which is a very happy thing.

The Australian shepherd dog in the process of feeding, to the dog often conditioning, so that it develops to pay attention to the habits of hygiene, such as fixed-point Defecation, no Claw Sofa and clothing. Also every few days for the dog ear wax, Tartar Removal. Its eyes are large, dust and foreign bodies are easy to enter, and eye disease, it should always use 2% boric acid water to wash the eyes and orbit, so as to avoid bacterial infection. Infectious Diseases remain the primary health hazard for dogs. However, as far as canines are concerned, if the epidemic of Canine infectious diseases can be controlled, the characteristics of canine diseases will change accordingly. According to the statistics of a dog farm in Nanjing, in the absence of infectious diseases, the disease of dogs to common diseases, disease mortality is also low.

Australian Shepherd only needs to brush a few times a week. When you brush your teeth, check for burrs and other debris. Australian Shepherd may have left it on his coat when he was outdoors. This working dog should only bathe on a need basis.



Excessive bathing can cause dry skin and hair loss. Depending on the climate, the fluff falls off once or twice a year. In intact females, the villi of Australian Shepherd will fall off with the fluctuation of hormones after each heat cycle. When Australian Shepherd loses hair, it is necessary to comb the hair more frequently to remove loose hair. In general, villi appear as tufts of hair. Australian Shepherd's nails should be trimmed. If necessary, use a grinder. In general, Australian Shepherd needs to take care of her nails every 2-3 weeks.

When training an Australian shepherd, start by sitting down, tying one end of the leash to a sturdy object, and giving “Bark” commands and gestures (right hand half-extended, palm down, grasping the dog three or four times) , at the same time with food in front of the dog, because the stimulation of food caused the excitement of the dog, but can not eat food, the dog barking. Food rewards should be given after the initial bark and should be gradually reduced until the total elimination of the reward, in order to only listen to the command and gesture can be tallying requirements. The dog should also be trained to bark at objects that do not hold or hold. To this end, the use of the most exciting items, dogs can not put the place, make the dog to fetch, and issued a “Bark” password, such as can be immediately rewarded, and the items out for the dog to fetch. This repeated many times, you can develop the dog to hold or hold things in the form of barking expression.

Adjust its diet irregularly according to time and situation. Owners can decide whether to deworming and vaccinating their dogs based on their condition. The key to keeping a good dog is vaccination. When your dog runs out of food, it may be because it has to take a dump. Be Patient and train him to defecate in a certain place. Don’t coddle him just because he’s young, otherwise, it will be more difficult to correct when it grows up, causing unnecessary trouble.

The Kennel should be dry, sanitary and well ventilated. The Kennel should be cleaned once a day and thoroughly disinfected once a week. Disinfection can be used with ultraviolet light irradiation, chemical (caustic soda, Lysol, disinfection King, Xiaoxieling), and so on. Its tableware to be cleaned every meal, every week to use medicine soak disinfection once, drinking water to be sufficient, clean, daily change.

Do Australian shepherds like to swim? You can teach your Australian Shepherd to swim if she likes water.

Australian Shepherd Breed History

The Australian shepherd may have originated in the Pyrenees Basque Country between Spain and France, but it was developed in the United States. Why it is called the Australian shepherd, it is the 18th century from Australia into the United States of the Basque shepherd relationship. Like most sheepdogs, Australian shepherds were originally known by many names, such as the Spanish shepherd, the shepherd, the tracker dog, the New Mexico Shepherd, and the California shepherd. After the Second World War, the popularity of the Western-style horse led to the rise of the Australian Shepherd Dog, which was developed through cattle, sheep, and horse fairs, and high-frequency appearances in movies and TV shows are gradually becoming more widely known. Its versatility and ability to point make it popular on farms and ranches. The ranchers constantly improved and bred the breed, but did not change its adaptability, keen intelligence, strong herding ability and beautiful appearance, so finally won the people’s love.

Australian Shepherd probably came to the United States through Australia. Basques from Europe are said to have settled in Australia with shepherds. These people moved to the western United States with Australian Shepherd dogs. Sheep working for American herders may start to call dogs Australian shepherds because Australian Shepherd used to live in Australia. In the 1950s, this clever dog played a prank dog in Rodeo shows and movies. This increases the popularity of the variety. Australian Shepherd was first registered with the national dog registry, formerly the International English shepherd registry. In 1957, the Australian Shepherd Club was founded and quickly became the largest breed registry of shepherd dogs in the United States. The Australian Shepherd Dog Association was established to gain recognition from the American dog club. In 1993, the American Kennel Club finally recognized the hardworking dog and began to register dogs and puppies. Australian Shepherd can work as a ranch dog, grazing livestock.

Konw More About Australian Shepherd